Bartter Syndrome – What is it, Symptoms and Treatment!

Bartter Syndrome – What it is, Symptoms and Treatment that cannot be ignored. In addition, Bartter’s Syndrome is a disorder in which the kidneys eliminate electrolytes excessively, resulting in hypokalemia (low levels of potassium in the blood) and high levels of aldosterone and renin ( hormones ) in the bloodstream.

What is Bartter Syndrome: Bartter syndrome is a group of similar rare conditions that affect the kidneys . It’s genetic, which means it’s caused by a problem with a gene. If you have, too much salt and calcium leave your body when you pee. It can also cause low levels of potassium and high levels of acid in the blood. If all of these are out of balance, you could have many different health problems.

There are two main forms of Bartter Syndrome . Antenna Bartter Syndrome starts before birth. It can be very serious, even life threatening. Babies may not grow as they should in the womb, or they may be born too early.

The other way is called classical. It usually starts in early childhood and is not as severe as the prenatal form. But it can affect growth and cause developmental delays. Gitelman syndrome is a subtype of Bartter Syndrome . It tends to happen later on – usually from the age of 6 to adulthood.

Symptoms of Bartter Syndrome:

  • Constipation
  • frequent urination
  • generally feeling bad
  • Muscle weakness and cramping
  • salt cravings
  • severe thirst

Slower than normal growth and development Antenatal Bartter Syndrome can be diagnosed before birth. It can be found if there are signs that the baby’s kidneys are not working properly or there is too much fluid in the uterus.

The Causes of Bartter Syndrome: Genes carry instructions that help your body to function properly. Genetic diseases can occur when there is a change in the gene (called a mutation).

At least five genes are linked to Bartter Syndrome , and they all play an important role in how your kidneys work — especially your ability to take in salt. Losing too much salt through peeing (salt waste) can affect how your kidneys receive other substances, including potassium and calcium. A lack of balance in these elements can lead to serious problems:

  • Too little salt can cause dehydration, constipation and frequent swearing.
  • Too little calcium can weaken bones and cause frequent kidney stones.
  • Low blood levels of potassium can cause muscle weakness, cramps, and fatigue.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Bartter Syndrome: For children with symptoms of classic Bartter Syndrome , a doctor will do a thorough examination along with blood and urine tests The prenatal form can be diagnosed before birth by testing the amniotic fluid in the uterus. Genetic tests can also be done. Your child’s doctor will take blood and possibly small tissue samples so a specialist can look for mutations.

Once your child is diagnosed, his or her care may involve a team of specialists, including pediatricians, kidney experts, and social workers. To ensure he maintains a healthy balance of fluids and other important things, we recommend one or more of these:

  • Indomethacin, an anti-inflammatory drug that helps your body make less urine
  • Potassium-sparing diuretics , which help you maintain potassium
  • RAAS inhibitors, which help prevent it from losing potassium
  • Calcium, potassium, or magnesium supplements or a combination thereof
  • Food rich in salt, water and potassium
  • Fluids placed directly into a vein (for babies with severe forms)
  • Because there is no cure, people who have Bartter Syndrome will need to take certain medications or supplements for life.

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