Angina Pectoris – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments . In addition, Angina Pectoris is the term used to define pain or discomfort in a person’s chest. It is not a disease, but a set of symptoms that occurs due to the low blood supply – and, consequently, oxygen – to the heart muscle.
It can also be called angina pectoris , or angor pectoris, Angina Pectoris is usually triggered by the practice of some physical activity or stress and is usually an indication of a coronary disease (damage or disease in the main blood vessels of the heart). .
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This insufficiency is almost always transient and occurs in those conditions in which the heart requires greater oxygen consumption, such as physical efforts or intense emotional excitement, and usually subsides in a few minutes, without leaving sequelae.
It is almost always indicative of coronary heart disease. One of its main components is a pain in the chest and the term “angor pectoris” means something like “strangulation of the chest ”, which is the characteristic way this pain is felt.
Causes of Angina Pectoris: Angina Pectoris is caused by the narrowing of the arteries responsible for carrying blood to the heart. Because the blood carries the necessary oxygen throughout the body, when there is this disruption in its transport, the heart muscle ends up making a much greater effort than necessary and this ends up causing sudden pain in the chest region .
- The main causes of narrowing of the arteries are:
- Atherosclerosis of the arteries : a chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by the formation of atheromas within the blood vessels.
- Compression of arteries by something close to them.
- Inflammation or infections of the arteries .
- Heart valve disease.
Symptoms of Angina Pectoris: The main symptom of Angina Pectoris is pain or discomfort in the chest , but it can also sometimes be felt in the shoulders, neck, and arms. In addition, it can give the impression that the person is having a heart attack. Other symptoms include:
- Tightness or sharp pain in the chest
- Pain that “radiates” to the extremities of the body or back
- short breath
- dizziness or vertigo
- Fatigue with no apparent cause
- Pain often occurs when resting or sleeping
- Symptoms last longer than with stable angina
- Medications do not usually relieve pain
- May get worse over time
Also, if the patient has already been diagnosed with Angina Pectoris , it can end up progressing to the unstable type of the disease, so it is necessary to be aware of the symptoms and seek immediate medical care in the event of any changes.
Importantly, this condition can lead to a heart attack (infarction).
Angina Pectoris Treatments: In most cases, the control of Angina Pectoris occurs through the use of drugs previously prescribed by the doctor. However, in some cases, it is necessary to resort to surgical procedures, such as the implantation of bridges in coronary arteries or angioplasty (insertion of an inflated balloon in the narrowed coronary arteries in order to expand them).
Medications used to control Angina Pectoris :
- Aspirin Prevent;
- Atorvastatin Calcium;
- Amlodipine Besylate;
Caution: Never self-medicate or stop using a medication without first consulting a doctor. Only he will be able to say which medication, dosage and duration of treatment is the most suitable for your specific case.
The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended, in any way, to replace the advice of a specialist or to serve as a recommendation for any type of treatment. Always follow the instructions on the package insert and, if symptoms persist, seek medical or pharmaceutical advice.