Anal Fissure – What is it, Causes and Treatments!

Anal Fissure – What it is, Causes and Treatments  that we should not ignore. Also, the  Anal Fissure  is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anus. An anal fissure can occur when you pass strong or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal Fissures often cause pain and bleed with bowel movements . You may also experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of your anus ( anal sphincter ).

Anal Fissures are very common in young children, but they can affect people of any age. Most anal fissures improve with simple treatments such as increasing fiber intake or sitz baths. Some people with Anal Fissures may need medication or, occasionally, surgery. So, check now  Anal Fissure – What is it, Causes and Treatments:

Main Causes:  Common causes of Anal Fissure include:

  • Passing large or hard stools:
  • Constipation and straining during bowel movements :
  • Chronic diarrhea:
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area, caused by Crohn’s disease or other inflammatory bowel disease:
  • delivery:

Less frequent causes of anal fissures include:

  • Anal cancer :
  • HIV:
  • Tuberculosis:
  • Syphilis:
  • Herpes:

The Main Symptoms:  The signs and symptoms of an Anal Fissure include:

  • Pain , sometimes severe, during bowel movements :
  • Pain after bowel movements that can last up to several hours:
  • Bright red blood in the stool or toilet paper after a bowel movement:
  • Itching or irritation around the anus:
  • A visible crack in the skin around the anus:
  • A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the Anal Fissure :

When to See a Doctor:  See your doctor if you have pain during bowel movements or notice blood in your stool or on toilet paper after a bowel movement.

Non-Surgical Treatments:  Your doctor may recommend:

  • Externally applied nitroglycerin (Rectiv), to help increase blood flow to the Anal Fissure  and promote healing and to help relax the anal sphincter . Nitroglycerin is generally considered the medical treatment of choice when other conservative measures have failed. Side effects can include headache , which can be severe.
  • Topical anesthetic creams such as Lidocaine Hydrochloride (Xylocaine) may be helpful for pain relief .
  • Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injection, to paralyze the anal sphincter muscle and relax spasms.
  • Blood pressure medications such as oral nifedipine (Procardia) or diltiazem (Cardizem) can help relax the Anal Fissure . These medications can be taken orally or applied externally and can be used when nitroglycerin is ineffective or causes significant side effects.

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