An Enclave – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Ingrown toenail – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that everyone should know.  Also,  ingrown  toenail occurs when the edge of the nail grows into the skin and toe. You may have pain, redness, and swelling around the nail . It’s a common condition, and it can be painful, causing swelling , redness, and sometimes infection. An ingrown toenail  usually happens in the big toe, the “thumb” of the foot. It can affect one or both sides of the toe.Most ingrown toenails  can be treated at home, but if the pain is severe or spreading, you may need to see a doctor to prevent complications and relieve symptoms. People with poor circulation, such as people with diabetes or peripheral vascular disease, are more likely to have complications.

Causes of  Ingrown Toenail:  Footwear that multiplies your toes and toes can increase the chance of an Ingrown Toenail . This includes shoes that are too tight because they are too short, too narrow at the end, or too flat at the end. Tight socks, stockings or stockings can cause  Ingrown Toenail .

Cutting the nails too short, not cutting across, or cutting the edges of the toenail can encourage the surrounding skin to bend over the nail and the nail to push into that skin and puncture it. Injury to the toe like dropping something on the toe or kicking something can lead to Ingrown Toenail . If your toenails  have an unusual curvature, they are more likely to grow into the soft tissues, causing inflammation and possible infection.

A person’s posture, or how they walk or look, can affect the chances of developing ingrown toenails . Poor foot hygiene or excessive sweating are risk factors. If the skin on your toes and feet are moist and warm, there is a greater chance of developing an Ingrown Toenail .

How an Ingrown Toenail Looks:  In the early stages, the skin next to the toenail  may be tender, swollen, or hard. When the nail pierces the skin , bacteria can enter, resulting in infection. The affected area becomes red, swollen, hot and painful. There may be bleeding and pus.

Anyone with symptoms of infection should seek medical help, whether that’s a primary care physician, orthopedic surgeon, or foot care specialist known as a podiatrist.

Ingrown toenail treatment:  Ingrown toenails  should be treated as soon as symptoms appear, especially if the person has diabetes , nerve damage in the foot or leg, or poor circulation in the foot,

Home Treatment:  Most health care providers will advise the patient to treat the nail itself. The steps include:

  • Soaking the foot in warm water three to four times a day, while using a cotton pad to gently push the skin away from the toenail  .
  • Wearing footwear that leaves your feet plenty of room to move.
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as acetaminophen, eg Tylenol or acetaminophen, or ibuprofen for pain.
  • If the symptoms don’t go away, a healthcare professional may remove some of the nails that are pushing deeper into the skin . It may be necessary.
  • Remove a portion of the nail and the underlying nail  to prevent the problem from returning.

As the nail  grows back, the healthcare provider may place a piece of cotton under the nail to prevent it from sinking back into the skin . It is important to change the cotton every day. If the area is infected, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.

How to Avoid Ingrown Nails:  Nails should be cut straight, not rounded at the corners and not too short. It’s easier to cut your nails after a shower or bath.

People with circulatory problems in their feet and who are unable to cut their nails should see a podiatrist regularly to have their nails professionally trimmed. Patients with diabetes or peripheral vascular disease need to be particularly careful.

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Footwear, including shoes, socks, pants and socks, must always fit properly. Shoes should be the proper length and width so that your toes do not bunch together. Tight shoes cause pressure, but if the shoes are too loose, your toes can bump against the toe of the shoe. This, too, increases the pressure and can cause a red toenail  . Hygiene and dryness are important. If the feet are clean and dry, there is a lower chance of developing an ingrown toenail  .

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