Adult Still’s Disease – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. Furthermore, Adult-onset Adult Still’s Disease is an inflammatory disease that can affect many joints , internal organs, and other parts of the body. Adult Still ‘s Disease most often develops in people before age 45, but it can first occur in later years as well. The cause of Adult Still’s Disease is unknown and there are no known risk factors. It is thought that a virus or other type of infectious agent can trigger Adult Still’s Disease , but there is no proof. Although some features are similar, Adult Still’s Diseasefor adults is different from Still’s in children.
In children, Adult Still’s Disease is considered a form of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and referred to as systematic onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Less than one in 100,000 people develop adult-looking insects every year and it is more common in women. So, check now Adult Still’s Disease – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments:
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What is Adult Still’s Disease: Adult Still’s Disease is a rare type of inflammatory arthritis that presents with fever , rash , and joint pain . Some people have only one episode of Adult Still’s Disease . In other people, the condition persists or recurs. This inflammation can destroy the affected joints, particularly the wrists. Treatment involves medications, such as prednisone, that help control inflammation.
Causes of Adult Still’s Disease: It is not certain what causes Adult Still’s Disease . Some researchers suspect that the condition may be triggered by a viral or bacterial infection.
Symptoms of Adult Still’s Disease: Most people with Adult Still’s Disease have a combination of the following signs and symptoms:
- Fever. You may have a daily fever of at least 102 F (38.9 C) for a week or more. The fever usually peaks in the late afternoon or early evening. You may have two fever spikes daily, with your temperature returning to normal in between.
- Rash. A salmon-pink rash may come and go with a fever . The rash usually appears on your torso, arms, or legs.
- Sore throat. This is one of the first symptoms of Adult Still’s Disease . The lymph nodes in your neck may be swollen and tender.
- Achy and swollen joints. Your joints — especially your knees and wrists — can be stiff, painful, and inflamed. Ankles, elbows, hands and shoulders can also hurt. Joint discomfort usually lasts for at least two weeks.
- Muscle pain. Muscle pain usually ebbs and flows with a fever , but the pain can be severe enough to disrupt your daily activities.
The signs and symptoms of this disease can mimic those of other conditions, including lupus and a type of cancer called lymphoma.
When to See a Doctor: If you have a high fever , irritation and irritation, see your doctor. Also, if you have Adult Still’s Disease and you develop a cough, difficulty breathing, chest pain, or other unusual symptoms, call your doctor.
Adult Still’s Disease Risk Factors: Age is the main risk factor for Adult Still’s Disease , with a two-fold peak incidence: once from 15 to 25 years and again from 36 to 46 years. Males and females are equally at risk.
Complications of Adult Still’s Disease: Most complications of Adult Still’s Disease stem from chronic inflammation of organs and joints .
- Joint destruction. Chronic inflammation can damage your joints . The joints most commonly involved are the knees and wrists. Your neck, foot, finger and hip joints may also be affected, but much less often.
- Inflammation of your heart. Adult Still ‘s Disease can lead to inflammation of the covering of your heart (pericarditis) or the muscular part of your heart (myocarditis).
- Excess fluid around your lungs. Inflammation can cause fluid to build up in your lungs, making it difficult to breathe deeply.
- Macrophage activation syndrome. This rare but potentially fatal complication of Adult Still’s Disease in adults can cause low blood cell counts, very high levels of triglycerides and abnormal liver function.
Diagnosis of Adult Still’s Disease: No test identifies Adult Still’s Disease . Imaging tests can reveal damage from the disease, while blood tests can help rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms.
Treatment of Adult Still’s Disease: Doctors use a variety of drugs to treat Adult Still’s Disease. The type of drug you take depends on the severity of your symptoms and whether you have any side effects.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Over-the-counter NSAIDs such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) can help with mild joint pain and inflammation . The strongest NSAIDs are available by prescription. NSAIDs can damage the liver, so you may need regular blood tests to check liver function.
- steroids. Most people with Adult Still’s Disease need treatment with steroids such as prednisone. These powerful drugs reduce inflammation, but they can lower your body’s resistance to infections and increase your risk of developing osteoporosis.
- Methotrexate. The medication methotrexate (Trexall) is often used in combination with prednisone, which makes it possible to reduce the dose of prednisone.
- Biological response modifiers. Drugs such as infliximab (Remicade), adalimumab (Humira) and etanercept (Enbrel) have shown some promise, but their long-term benefit is still unknown. If other medications haven’t worked, your doctor may suggest trying anakinra (Kineret), tocilizumab (Actemra), or rituximab (Rituxan).